Recent Archaeological Discoveries Help Restore Ancient Africa's Lost Legacy

Despite the widespread lack of knowledge about ancient Africa and its place in history, dozens of recent finds are forever re-writing history. In the last decade alone, archaeologists have rediscovered ancient stone structures, evidence of advanced technology, manuscripts and inscriptions in various parts of the continent that continue to prove Africa was the birthplace of not just humanity but all civilization.

100,000-year-old Tools Made from Imported Quartz in South Africa

Anthropologists from the University of Wisconsin found quartz tools from 100,000 years ago, providing more clues about early human civilization in southern Africa. The scraping tools are thought to have been used to make animal hides. Since quartz is not found below the surface of this site, it was likely imported from farther south. Read More.

Modern Humans Used Milk-and-ocre-based Paint 49,000 Years Ago

A team of researchers uncovered remains of a mixture of milk and ochre in the Sibudu Cave outside of Durban, South African, where the remains of modern humans dating from the same time period were also discovered. Read More.

2,000-year-old Jewelry in Aksum

Tomb excavations in Aksum revealed the remains of a wealthy woman wearing a necklace, a beaded belt, bronze ring, with what looks to be a Roman bronze mirror that dates back 2,000 years. Apart from bringing more insight into ancient Aksumite culture, the find suggests Aksum traded with the Roman empire earlier than once believed. Read More.

Tomb Unearthed in Waset (Luxor)
Waset Tomb (credit: SCA/Agence France-Presse)

A tomb likely dating to the 18th Dynasty (1543-1292 BC) was unearthed near Waset (Luxor). While its colorful images of scenes of the tomb owner's daily life have been well preserved, the names of the owner and possibly the god Amun have been deliberately erased. Read more: Read More.

Barley and Wheat Residue in Kushite Cemetery in Central Sudan

Researchers from Kiel University have uncovered further evidence of agriculture practiced by ancient Kushites. Barley and wheat residue was found on the teeth of human remains in tombs that date back 7,000 years ago. The researchers, however, inaccurately assume that this find is the oldest known evidence of wheat and barley crop cultivation along the Nile. Read More.

Nok Culture Research Gets Funding
A Nok terracotta (credit: Peter Breunig)

The German Research Foundation donated 1.6 million euros to continue the research efforts of the Institute of Archaeological Sciences for another three years. The results of the team's research and analysis will provide groundbreaking insight information into social structure, economy and iron smelting technology of the Niger Valley's Nok Culture, which dates back over 3,000 years. Read More.

Oldest Modern Human Remains Outside Africa in Israel

55,000-year-old skulls of modern humans were found near the Manot Cave in Israel, the oldest ever found outside of Africa. The discovery, from a geographical perspective, lends more credence that the Nile Valley is the oldest migratory route of humans out of Africa. Read More.


More Evidence of 70,000-year-old Permanent Structures in Africa

Polish archaeologists have identified evidence of permanent structures that date back 70,000 years at the so-called Affad 23 site in Sudan. The site includes a village of well preserved wooden structures, with a hunting tool workshop. Read More.

New Inscriptions, Large Bathroom found in Medieval Christian Monastery in Sudan

Polish archaeologists uncovering the remains of a large, brick monastery near al-Ghazali in northern Sudan located artwork and other inscriptions that date to the 600s AD on a wall next to a row of 15 toilets. This is the best known example of a large sanitary complex from medieval Nubia.

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Ruins of 4,500-year-old Giza Port

Ruins of an ancient port and buildings dating from the reign of Menkaure (4th Dynasty, c. 2500 BC), who commissioned the third largest true pyramid in Giza, were uncovered at a nearby town where his pyramid builders lived. The find suggests Giza once had an extensive harbor. Moreover, the evidence of foreign pottery and juniper, pine and oak trees, which are not native to Egypt, confirms trade with regions of the the Levant in Western Asia.

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Ancient African Mathematics

Ancient African Writing

Nile Valley Civilization